When working with families and caregivers, one area we discuss is an infectious disease. Here are some of the infection control measures we ask caregivers to follow:
1. Maintain good personal hygiene.
Wash your body frequently.
Wash your hair at least twice a week.
Brush your teeth and rinse your mouth after every meal.
Trim your fingernails and toenails weekly.
Wear clean and laundered clothes.
Change dirty clothing and bed linens when you notice any soiling.
2. Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly.
Before food preparation, eating or serving food
After using the toilet, contact with your own or another’s body fluids and blowing or wiping your nose.
Best hand-washing procedure:
Wet your hands with plenty of soap and warm water.
Work up a lather over your hands and wrists.
Rub the palm of one hand over the back of the other and rub them together several times, then repeat with another hand.
Interlace the fingers of both hands and rub them back and forth.
Clean under your fingernails with a nailbrush or orange stick.
Rinse your hands thoroughly under warm running water.
Dry your hands and wrists thoroughly.
3. Clean your household thoroughly.
Avoid household clutter.
Thoroughly ventilate your home with disinfecting fresh air.
Clean the kitchen counter with scouring powder.
Dust and vacuum weekly.
Mop the kitchen and bathroom floors weekly and when spills occur.
Clean inside the refrigerator weekly with soap and water.
Add a teaspoon of bleach to each quart of water used for flower vases.
Wear gloves when cleaning birdcages, litter boxes, aquariums, etc.
4. Clean contaminated household and medical equipment thoroughly.
Clean medical equipment as directed by your Home Medical Equipment representative.
Clean soap dishes, denture cups, etc., weekly.
Do not use the same sponge to clean the bathroom and kitchen.
Do not pour mop water down the kitchen sink.
Do not clean sponges or rags at the kitchen sink.
Disinfect mops and sponges weekly by soaking in one part bleach to nine parts water for 5 minutes.
5. Decrease your exposure to people with infectious diseases.
Avoid crowds whenever possible.
Avoid people who have been recently vaccinated.
Do not share food or drink with others.